Muhammad Yunus, Nobel Lecture, Oslo, December 10, 2006  
“Poverty is a Threat to Peace”
© 2017 Bangladesh Development Research Center Inc. (BDRC)
Text and graphics may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any form for educational
or non-profit purposes, provided that credit is given to the source. High definition pixel
copies of any photo displayed on the BDRC website are available upon request.
Quotes on the BDRC's websites are provided as "food for thought".
They should not be considered to be policy statements, especially as they may have been taken out of context.
The BDRC's purposes are to undertake and disseminate research on
development issues relevant for Bangladesh in order to foster the peaceful
development of nations.
Paris Declaration
Contacts of the BDRC

You will need Acrobat Reader to view pdf files - available as a free download.
The BDRC is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit research organization,
run by volunteers.
Current Hot Topics / Features
Bangladesh Development
Research Center (BDRC)
Welcome to
Movie documentary
provided by & copyright
1We - One
World Experience
Easy Like
A visionary architect is
building floating schools
to turn the front lines of
climate change into a
community of learning.
December 24, 2017: Bangladesh came close to winning the Economist’s “Country of
the Year 2017” title
As reported by the Daily Star, the London-based weekly news magazine “The Economist” put
Bangladesh on its list, citing the country’s giving shelter to the persecuted Rohingyas. It also
mentioned Bangladesh’s rapid economic growth and a sharp fall in poverty rates. However, the
Economist did not eventually select Bangladesh, saying, “Had it not crushed civil liberties and
allowed Islamists free rein to intimidate, it might have won.”
December 2, 2017: Chittagong is the world’s cheapest place to scrap ships, but its
people pay the price
In a contribution to The Guardian’s “Modern-day Slavery in Focus”, John Vidal illustrates how
Bangladesh's people pay the price for being the world’s cheapest place to scrap ships.
November 30, 2017: Pope Francis in Dhaka: World must assist Bangladesh in tackling
refugee crisis
As reported by, Pope Francis has called on the international community to take
“decisive measures” to resolve not only the political issue surrounding the refugee crisis in
Bangladesh, but also to provide “immediate material assistance” to respond to the humanitarian
November 8, 2017: Private sector responsible for 78% of development in Bangladesh
As reported by Dhaka Tribune, a panel discussion, titled “Partnering for Reduced Inequalities:
How business can contribute to the UN SDGs” was held at Grameenphone headquarters on
November 7, 2017. The discussion emphasized the need for participation of the private sector
in implementing the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Mr. Fakrul Ahsan, SDG lead
of UNDP Bangladesh, said that the private sector is doing 78 percent of the development work
in Bangladesh so it is impossible to ignore private sector in attaining SDG goals.
October 20, 2017: Over 700,000 people get cholera vaccine in Cox’s Bazar
As reported by the Daily Star, more than 700,000 people have been administered oral cholera
vaccine in the first phase of a campaign in Cox’s Bazar to protect the newly arrived Rohingya
population and their host communities against the deadly diarrhoeal disease.
October 18, 2017: Rich become richer, poor get poorer in Bangladesh
The 2016 Household Income and Expenditure Survey report, released yesterday by the
government of Bangladesh, shows that the poor’s share in the national income eroded further
in the past six years, with the richer segment of the population having bigger stakes.
LEARN MORE (Daily Star report by Reaz Ahmad and Rejaul Karim Byron) --->
LEARN MORE (Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2016) PDF --->
September 30, 2017: New BDRC Working Paper examines Bangladesh’s deteriorating
Terms of Trade
A new BDRC Working Paper by Bernhard Gunter and Valeria Vargas Sejas provides an
empirical review of Bangladesh’s Terms of Trade (ToT) from 1980 to 2013. It reviews the
theoretical literature explaining the Prebisch-Singer hypothesis and uses econometric analyses
to determine some of the key factors for Bangladesh’s ToT deterioration. It shows that
exchange rate devaluations and increases in export quantity have a negative impact on the
ToT, while improvements in export quality have some positive impact on the ToT. In the case of
Bangladesh, the problem however is that export quality has been decreasing, contributing to
sharply falling ToT. The key policy implication is that export promotion policies need to be
refined, focusing also on export quality, not only export quantity.
September 8, 2017: 270,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh in 2 weeks
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is calling for action to address the root
causes of violence in Myanmar as the agency works to provide support and shelter for
Rohingya refugees fleeing the country. More than 270,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh
over the past two weeks, and more than 1,000 people may have been killed in Myanmar.
August 22, 2017: Floods claim more than 800 lives across India, Nepal and Bangladesh
As reported by the Guardian: In Bangladesh, where the floods are thought to be the most
severe in 100 years, more than a third of the country has been submerged. Najibullah
Hameem, chief of the UNICEF field office in Bangladesh, told the Guardian on Monday that
water levels are now going down, but that aid workers are running out of crucial supplies
needed to protect communities from disease. In Bangladesh, at least 115 people have died and
more than 5.7 million are affected.
August 2, 2017: Metro rail construction work begins
As reported by the Daily Star, the construction work of the 20 kilometer (12.4 miles) long metro
rail began today. The project aims to ease the perennial traffic congestion in Dhaka and
provide an improved, faster, comfortable and environmentally-friendly means of public
transportation. The estimated time to travel the 20km distance, from north end of Uttara to
Motijheel, is 35 minutes.
July 12, 2017: How poverty affects the brain
As reported by Carina Storrs in nature (the international weekly journal of science), an
unprecedented study in Bangladesh could reveal how malnutrition, poor sanitation and other
challenges make their mark on child development. Researchers are trying to untangle the links
between growth and neurological development. Is bad nutrition alone the culprit? What about
emotional neglect, infectious disease or other challenges? Shahria Hafiz Kakon is at the front
line trying to answer these questions in the slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh, where about 40
percent of children have stunted growth by the age of two. As a medical officer at the
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) in Dhaka, she is
leading the first-ever brain-imaging study of children with stunted growth.
Previous Hot Topics